Blog - Page 6

Woman look in to microscope

About 100-300 million sperm are deposited in the vagina at the time of ejaculation during sexual intercourse. However, less than 25 actually reach the egg, and only one will penetrate and fuse with the egg. Sperm health is obviously vital, and it depends on the quantity, quality, and movement of the sperm.

For men who are fertile, 95 percent of them have a sperm density of at least 15 million per milliliter of semen (a normal semen sample has a volume of between 1.5 and 6 milliliters). Regarding quality, four percent or more of sperm should have a normal shape, or morphology (oval head and long tail). Related to movement, or motility, around 40 percent or more of those sperms should have forward movement at least one hour after ejaculation.

Freezing Your Future Fertility

Advances in egg freezing offer women new alternatives, but cryopreservation isn’t their only option

Fertility doesn’t matter until you need it. Many women envision starting a family one day, but the unfortunate reality is that one in eight females will have trouble conceiving or sustaining a pregnancy.

Sharing in Our Infertility Support

As Executive Director of the Infertility Awareness Association of Canada (IAAC), the most important thing I learned in twelve years of conducting infertility support groups around the world is that a support group is only as good as the people involved. If they’re active and open, the group works well for everyone.

OriginElle’s support group, held at 6 p.m. the first Tuesday of the month and free to any patient of the clinic, is off to a good start. The group serves as a sounding board to give patients a chance to talk about their infertility experience; from sharing stories about their assisted reproductive treatment to expressing frustration with their ability to console a partner at home.

woman smiling

Even though most women are aware of this fact, many underestimate the extent of the decline in fertility with age. Some women think that because they are in good health and take care of their body, they are not as susceptible to the effects of age on fertility. Perhaps that’s due to maternal optimism. But on a practical note, such a misconception can make it harder to conceive later in life. It is estimated that a woman aged 25 or younger take two to three months to get pregnant, whereas it takes a woman aged 35 or older six months. This is also born out in women having artificial insemination, with a 25-year-old or younger having an 11 percent monthly chance of pregnancy while a woman 35 or older has only a 6.5 percent chance. There are several reasons for this decline in fertility.

Sad woman

The simple answer is yes: rates have been rising over the long term. We find a little more complicated answer in two recent studies. One by the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that worldwide rates of infertility have remained essentially static over the past 20 years. A 2012 Canadian study indicates that rates in this country appear to be on the rise.

Studies can show different results for different reasons. For instance, the WHO study used a definition of infertility as a couple attempting to get pregnant over a five-year period. Most doctors, including myself, consider a one-year period to be a clear indicator of infertility. Should we throw the WHO study out the window? Not necessarily, perhaps just take it with a grain of salt.

Contact Our Doctor